Including information to the subjects of Demography, Health economics, Medical Sociology, Hospital management, Behavioral sciences inclusive of Psychiatry.
The student shall be able to:
At the end of the course, the student shall be able to make use of:
Teaching of community medicine shall be both theoretical as well as practical. The practical aspects of the training programme shall include visits to the health establishments and to the community where health intervention programmes are in operation.
In order to inculcate in the minds of the students the basic concept of community medicine to be introduced in this phase of training, it is suggested that the detailed curriculum drawn shall include at least 30 hours of lectures, demonstrations, seminars etc. together with at-least 15 visits of two hours each.
Theory Lectures (1 hour each) Field visits (2 hours each) Introduction to the subject PSM & Department Visit of the hospital Health: Definitions, concept and spectrum Record section Health: Determinants and indicators Operation theatre Levels of Prevention Demography: Census, cycle, trends- India Central Sterilization Unit Demography: collection, compilation and analysis Medical store Health economics-I P.M. room Health economics-II Sociology: Social classification A.R.V. Clinic Sociology: In health and disease P.P. Unit Family and health Blood bank Culture and health Urban Health Centre Community behavior Anganwadi Social psychology Primary Health Centre Urban -rural communities, urbanization and health Sub Health Centre Hospital management-I Immunization clinic Hospital management-II Health care delivery system in India Incinerator Primary, comprehensive and basic health care Health status & problems in Gujarat & India Tutorial on health determinants & Levels of Prevention (2 hours) Tutorial on Sociology & health ( 2 hours) Seminar on Health Care Delivery system in India (2hours) Seminar on Population problem in India (2 hours) Tutorial on Health status and health problems in Gujarat (2 hours)
- Explain the principles of sociology including demographic population dynamics
- Identify social factors related to health, disease and disability in the context of urban and rural societies;
- Appreciate the impact of urbanization on health and disease;
- Observe and interpret the dynamics of community behavior;
- Describe the elements of normal psychology and social psychology;
- Observe the principles of practice of medicine in hospital and community settings.
- Principles of practice of medicine in hospital and community settings and familiarization with elementary nursing practices;
- Art of communication with patients including history taking and medico-social work.
II AND III PHASE
The broad goal of the teaching of undergraduate students in community medicine is to prepare them to function as community and first level physician in accordance with the institutional goals.
At the end of the course, the student shall be able to
- Describe the health care delivery system including rehabilitation of the disables in the country;
- Describe the National Health Programmes with particular emphasis on maternal and child health programmes, family welfare planning and population control;
- List epidemiological methods and describe their application to communicable and non-communicable diseases in the community or hospital situation;
- Apply bio-statistical methods and techniques;
- outline the demographic of the country and appreciate the roles of individual, family milieu in health and disease;
- Describe the health information system;
- Enumerate the principles and components of primary health care and the national health policies to achieve the goal of 'Health for all';
- Identify the environmental and occupational hazards and their control;
- Describe the importance of water and sanitation in human health;
- To understand the principles of health economics, health administration and health education in relation to community.
At the end of course, the student should be able to
- Use Epidemiology as a scientific tool to make rational decisions relevant to community and individual patient intervention;
- Collect, analyze, interpret and present simple community and hospital based data;
- Diagnose and manage common health problems and emergencies at the individual, family and community levels keeping in mind the existing health care resources and in the context of the prevailing socio-cultural believes;
- Diagnose and manage maternal and child health problems and advise a couple and the community on the family welfare planning methods available in the context of the national priorities;
- Diagnose and manage common nutritional problems at the individual and community level;
- Plan, implement and evaluate a health education programme with skill to use simple audio-visual aids;
- Interact with other members of the health care team and participate in the organization of health care services and implementation of national health programmes.
Develop capabilities of synthesis between causes of illness in the environmental or community and individual health and respond with leadership qualities to institute remedial measures for this.
Theory Lectures Field visits/Practicals Introduction to " environment and health" Environment Water: sources and pollution Horrock's apparatus Water: Quality criteria Orhtho-toludene test Air: pollution and control Chlorination of well Role of light and ventilation in health Water sampling Noise pollution and control Bacteriological analysis of Drinking water- MPN count Radiation hazards & prevention Chemical indicators of water pollution Solid waste disposal Indices of Thermal comfort & Meteorological instruments Human waste disposal-I (Types of sanitary latrines Models on environment Human waste disposal-II (Sewage treatment) Models in Occupation health Genetics and health: Principles and heredity Entomology Chromosomal disorders and abnormalities Introduction of medical entomology Population genetics and genetic counseling Mosquito Genetic disorders: epidemiology and control Mosquito control measures Introduction and definitions of epidemiology Housefly & sandfly Uses and types of epidemiology: 1. Descriptive Louse, ticks and mites Types of epidemiology: analytical and experimental Cyclops and flea Epidemic investigation Insecticides Screening and surveillance in epidemiology Nutrition Disease transmission, carrier and reservoir Museum specimens of cereals and pulses Control of communicable diseases Museum specimens of fruits, vegetables, fats and oils Control of non-communicable diseases Museum specimens of non-vegetable food Epidemiology and control of small-pox and chicken-pox Nutritional disorders: xerophthalmia, rickets, anemia, IDD and fluorosis Measles, mumps and rubella Assessment of Nutritional status & Obesity Influenza Infant feeding, weaning & Road to health card Acute respiratory infections Dietary survey techniques; nutritional and energy requirements Diphtheria and pertussis Assessment of dietary intake and nutritional surveillance Tuberculosis-I Adulteration of foods Tuberculosis-II FIELD VISITS Meningococcal meningitis Water treatment plant Viral hepatitis-I Urban Malaria centre Viral hepatitis-II Blind school Poliomyelitis Salt iodization plant Acute diarrheal diseases PHC-Songadh Cholera K.J. Mehta TB Hospital-Amargadh Enteric fevers Leprosy Hospital Food poisoning and its investigations Excel Industries Dracunculiasis Public health laboratory Malaria-I Contraceptives Malaria-II Introduction and barrier contraceptives Filariasis Intrauterine devices Arboviral diseases-Dengue and DHF Hormonal contraceptives Japanese encephalitis Sterilization and MTP Plague Natural method Rabies Immunization Tetanus Introduction Trachoma Live vaccines STD Killed vaccines HIV/AIDS UIP and cold chain Leprosy-I Evaluation of UIP Leprosy-II Biostatics Biostatics Introduction of statistics, Data: methods of collection,types and uses , Presentation of data: tabulation, charts and pictures , Mean: application and calculation(simple and grouped data ,Median and mode: application and calculation ,Measures of dispersion: types and standard deviation ,Normal distribution and normal curve ,Standard error of proportion , Standard error of difference of proportion, Chi-square test , Z- test ,Standard error of mean ,Standard error of difference of means, Student's t-test ,Morbidity and mortality statistics , Population statistics , Fertility statistics Cancer IHD RHD Obesity Diabetes Hypertension Injuries Blindness Introduction to MCH Antenatal, intranatal and postnatal care MTP Act Indicators of MCH Services-MMR & PNR IMR& Neonatal MR Post neonatal MR & U5MR School health ICDS CSSM/RCH NFWP Epidemiological Exercises Geriatrics Case-control studies Mental health Cohort studies Substance abuse Randomized control trials Introduction to Occupational health Screening Pneumoconiosis Occupational dermatitis and cancers Prevention and control of Occupational diseases Factories act and ESI act Development of health care system in India Organization of health services- National, state and district CHC, PHC and SHC (activities and functions) Primary health care Health For All by 2000 AD- activities and goals Health education International health organizations Health planning and management National Nutrition Programmes
For the evaluation of students there is a provision for two internal examinations, one preliminary examination and at the end of seventh semester, there will be University examination along with the subjects of Ophthalmology and E.N.T.
I Internal Examination:
Will be conducted after the completion of 4th semester and will include the course covered till date. The examination will comprise of Theory and Practical
II Internal Examination:
Will be conducted after the completion of 6th semester and will include the course covered after I Internal examination. The examination will comprise of Theory and Practical
Will be conducted one month before the University Examination and it will cover the whole course. The examination will comprise of Theory and Practical.